Understanding Texas Gun Laws

In the state of Texas, gun ownership and usage are deeply ingrained in the culture. However, with this comes the responsibility to understand and abide by the laws that regulate firearms. In this article, we will provide an overview of Texas gun laws and regulations, discuss the types of firearms allowed in Texas, outline the requirements to obtain a license to carry, and explain the differences between concealed carry and open carry laws in Texas.

Overview of Texas Gun Laws and Regulations

Texas has a reputation for being a gun-friendly state, but it also has strict laws in place to regulate the use and ownership of firearms. Some of the key regulations include:

Background Checks

Before purchasing a firearm from a licensed dealer in Texas, a background check is required. This check will include criminal history, mental health records, and other factors that may disqualify an individual from owning a firearm.

Prohibited Persons

Certain individuals are prohibited from owning firearms in Texas, including convicted felons, domestic violence offenders, and those with certain mental health conditions.

Age Restrictions

To purchase a handgun in Texas, the individual must be at least 21 years old. Those who are between 18 and 20 years old may purchase a long gun, such as a rifle or shotgun.

Gun-Free Zones

Texas law prohibits carrying firearms in certain locations, such as schools, government buildings, and places of worship.

Types of Firearms Allowed in Texas

In Texas, most types of firearms are allowed for legal ownership and usage, including:


Handguns are allowed for legal ownership and usage in Texas, provided the individual is at least 21 years old and meets other requirements, such as passing a background check.

Rifles and Shotguns

Rifles and shotguns are also allowed for legal ownership and usage in Texas. There are no specific restrictions on the types of rifles and shotguns that are allowed, as long as they are not fully automatic.

Automatic Weapons

In Texas, the ownership and usage of automatic weapons are heavily regulated. Individuals who wish to own an automatic weapon must obtain a special permit from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF).

Requirements to Obtain a License to Carry in Texas

To legally carry a firearm in Texas, individuals must obtain a license to carry (LTC). The requirements to obtain an LTC include:

Age and Residency

The individual must be at least 21 years old and a resident of Texas.


The individual must complete a firearms training course that includes both classroom and range instruction.

Background Check

The individual must pass a background check, which includes criminal history, mental health records, and other factors that may disqualify an individual from obtaining an LTC.

Application and Fees

The individual must complete an application and pay the required fees.

Concealed Carry vs. Open Carry Laws in Texas

Texas allows both concealed carry and open carry of firearms, but there are some important differences between the two:

Concealed Carry

With a concealed carry license, individuals can carry a handgun on their person or in a vehicle, as long as the handgun is concealed.

Open Carry

Individuals may openly carry a handgun in Texas without a license, but there are some restrictions. For example, open carry is prohibited in certain locations, such as schools and government buildings.

Permitless Carry

As of September 2021, Texas has passed a new law that allows permitless carry, also known as constitutional carry. This means that individuals over the age of 21 who are legally able to possess a firearm can now carry a handgun in public without a license or permit. However, certain restrictions still apply, such as prohibitions on carrying firearms in certain locations, including schools and government buildings. It is important to note that individuals who choose to carry a firearm without a license or permit should still be knowledgeable about Texas gun laws and regulations to ensure they are in compliance and avoid potential legal issues.


Understanding Texas gun laws is essential for responsible gun ownership and usage. By following the regulations, individuals can enjoy their Second Amendment rights while ensuring public safety. Remember to always practice safe gun handling and seek out additional training as needed.

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